浅析《饥饿游戏》三部曲中女主人公的生态意识_英语文学论文
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Abstract

Suzanne Collins is an American children’s television screen writer and a world renowned best-selling author as well. Her masterpiece The Hunger Games trilogy chronicles a history of war, slavery and rebellion, in which the young adults, represented by the heroine Katiness, try to fight against oppression, get close to nature, and continually build up and broaden their identification with other beings. Ecological theme is deeply embedded in the trilogy.Katniss’s eco-consciousness would be explored from three aspects. First, external factors in shaping Katniss’s eco-consciousness are presented, including the imbalanced ecological status quo of Panem and the significant influence tat Katniss’s father、partner Peeta and sister Primrose had on her. Second, awakening of Katiss’s eco-consciousness is shown in her ecological practices of getting close to nature, deviating from the rules of the Hunger Games, and fighting against government oppression. Third, deepening of Katniss’s eco-consciousness in The Hunger Games Trilogy is discussed, namely, the process of broadening identification. Katniss’s identification circle developed gradually from family and friends, districts’ civilians to the numb citizens in the Capitol, during which her eco-consciousness is deepened.

Key words: The Hunger Games; Suzanne Collins; Katniss; Eco- consciousness
 
摘要

苏珊.柯林斯(Suzanne Collins)是美国成功的儿童电视节目编剧,也是全球知名的畅销作家。她所创作的《饥饿游戏》三部曲记叙了一部战争、奴役、反抗的历史。小说中以女主人公凯特尼斯为代表的青少年反抗压迫、亲近自然,且不断建立和扩大与他人的认同,这一主题蕴藏着深刻的生态意识。
    本文旨从三个方面探讨凯特尼斯的生态意识:意识凯特尼斯生态意识形成的外部因素,这主要帕纳姆国失衡的生态现状以及凯特尼斯的父亲、搭档皮塔及妹妹波利姆三人对其产生的重大影响;二是分析凯特尼斯生态意识的觉醒,主要体现为她亲近大自然、背起饥饿游戏的残暴规则以及反抗极权政府等生态实践;三是阐释凯特尼斯的生态意识在《饥饿游戏》三部曲中的深化过程,即不断扩大自我认同对象范围的过程。凯特尼斯逐步将家人和朋友、地区的民众直至麻木不仁的都城市民纳入认同圈,其生态意识在这一不断扩大的认同中得深化。

关键词:《饥饿游戏》;苏珊.柯林斯;凯特尼斯;生态意识
 

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