陶渊明与华兹华斯的自然观比较_英语文学论文
文档分类: 语言文学 文档上传会员:自然萌Aimee 上传时间:2017-11-27
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Abstract

Many researches have been made on Tao Yuanming and Wordsworth in various aspects, such as style of poetizing, philosophy of living, view of nature and so on. Tao Yuanming represents the summit of idyll during Jin and Song dynasty in China. He was disgusted with the official career and chose resolutely to go back to countryside to experience a life of freedom. He had written Drink Wine, Back to Country Life and so on. Wordsworth was one of the major founders in English romantic poetry. He actively involved himself in Great French Revolution and he also experienced the period of industrial capitalism after he turned back to Britain. He hated the urban life and decided to return to countryside to experience comfort. He had written lots of poems including The Daffodils, Hart-leap Well and so on.
The paper aims to analyze Tao Yuanming and Wordsworth’s view of nature from three aspects: first is the total difference of Chinese and Western view of nature, second is the difference of cultural background,third is the difference of their view of nature in meaning, attitude and pursuit. By studying their different view of nature, readers of the two poets can further understand the meaning of nature and their thoughts.
 
Keywords: view of nature; Tao Yuanming; Wordsworth; differences
 
摘要

关于对陶渊明和华兹华斯的研究,许多国内外学者已经从多个方面都作了相比,如创作风格、处世理念,自然观等。陶渊明代表着晋宋时代田园诗的顶峰,厌倦官场生活的他,毅然选择返回田园,体验自然带来的自由。他主要诗歌有《饮酒》,《归园田居》等等。华兹华斯是英国浪漫主义诗歌的主要奠基人,他早年奔波于法国大革命,失败回英国后,又经历着工业资本主义时期。厌恶的他决定到田园去体验自然带来的安慰,他主要诗歌有《水仙》,《鹿跳泉》等等。
本文主要从三个方面研究陶渊明和华兹华斯的自然观:首先是中西自然观的总体差异,然后是他们所处的不同的文化背景,最后从意义,态度和追求三个方面详写他们自然观的差异。通过研究他们自然观的不同,使我们更容易理解自然的含义和他们的思想。

关键词:自然观;陶渊明;华兹华斯;差异

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