从意识的流动解析《墙上的斑点》的结构_英语文学论文
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Abstract:
 Virginia Woolf (1882—1941) is widely regarded as one of the pioneers of modernism in the 20th century. Her first steam-of-consciousness novel The Mark on the Wall, published in 1917 as an experimental work, had great influence on her later works and relevant theories. It is one of the earliest fundamental stream-of-consciousness novels in the world with a great pioneering significance in the history of Western modern novels. The six flows of consciousness involved in this short novel are developed from a single mark on the wall. The round mark on the wall triggers the author’s imagination which goes to six different directions like six streams. Though the novel has been studied from different angles, few people find its research value from the aspect of structure. Considering the blankness of this field, the author attempts to write the paper to arouse more professionals to set foot in this scope. This thesis analyzes the novel’s structure and features. It is divided into four parts — an introduction, an analysis of the novel, an analysis of the structure and finally a conclusion. It is hoped that this paper will help the readers and those who have interest in it to get better and more complete understanding.

Key Words: The Mark on the Wall; structure; radiant pattern; linear pattern; ripple-like; pattern; discontinuity

摘要:
弗吉尼亚•伍尔夫是公认的二十世纪现代主义的先驱。《墙上的斑点》是伍尔夫初版于1917的一部意识流小说,作为试验之作,它对伍尔夫后期的意识流小说作品以及她关于现代小说的理论研究都可以说是功不可没的。不仅如此,它也是西方现代小说最早的奠基作之一,对现代小说的发展有着极为重要的开拓意义。文中的六次意识流动是由墙上的一个圆形斑点引发的,那一个圆形斑点触发了作者的想象,这些想象像六条溪流分别向六个不同的方向发展出去。尽管前人已经从各个不同的角度对这篇小说进行了研究,但很少有人从结构这个方面着手研究它。考虑到在该方面的空白,笔者尝试着从这个角度入手写一篇论文以引起更多专业人士对此的关切。本文将对该小说的结构及其特征进行分析,全文大致分为四部分,即引言,小说分析,结构分析和总结。本文旨在帮助广大读者及其喜好者获得更好更完整的理解。

关键词:《墙上的斑点》;结构;辐射型;直线型;水波型;断点型

1 Introduction
Virginia Woolf (1882—1941) is a notable British female novelist, an important essayist and an influential critic, widely regarded as one of the pioneers of modernism and feminism in the 20th century. And she is one of the four most well-known stream-of-consciousness writers, together with Marcel Proust of France, James Joyce of Ireland and William Faulkner of the U.S. The Mark on the Wall is the first stream-of-consciousness fiction of Virginia Woolf published in 1917 as an experimental work which had great influence on her later works and relevant theories.



 

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