《中国日报》和《纽约时报》中的中国女性框架理论_商务英语论文
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Abstract

Women are playing increasingly important roles in society today. Wittenberg-Cox (1896) points out that China already has a larger proportion of women in the top staff of management than many western countries. In this research, two quality newspapers—China Daily and New York Times—are chosen as instrument, which are representative newspapers in both China and American. By reviewing previous literature, few researches are found to analyze newspapers by framing theory. Framing refers to the social construction of a social phenomenon often by mass media sources, political or social movements, political leaders, or other actors and organizations (Goffman, 1974). It is usually considered in one of two ways: as frames in thought, consisting of the mental representations, interpretations, and simplifications of reality, and frames in communication, consisting of the communication of frames among different actors (Goffman, 1974). Thus, this research is designed to analyze Chinese women between China Daily and New York Times by framing theory. The purpose of doing that is to let more and more people have better understanding of Chinese women. This study finds that Chinese women in America are poles. In their opinions, Chinese women are still in low status. The women are still at home and look after their children all the day. There are no opportunities for them to go out and have their own careers.

Key Words: Chinese women   framing theory   Newspapers   China Daily   New York Times  

摘  要

女性在当今社会扮演越来越重要的角色。维滕贝格-考克斯(1896)指出, 相比于许多西方国家,中国已经有了一个具有更大比例的女性高级职员管理。在本研究中,两大报纸---《中国日报》和《纽约时报》---被选为例子,因为这是代表中国和美国的两大著名时报。通过回顾以往的各种文献发现,很少有研究用框架理论来分析报纸内容。框架理论通常指的是一种社会现象的社会建构,这种建构是由大众媒体,政治或社会运动,政治领导人或其他演员和组织来组成的(高夫曼,1974)。它通常被认为存在于两种方式中的一种:一种是作为思想框架, 框架理论是由心理表征、解释、和对现实的简单化组成的;另一种在通信框架中,它是由存在在不同角色中的框架交流组成的。因此,本研究旨在分析中国女性在框架理论的研究下,在《中国日报》和《纽约时报》中存在的不同点。这样做的目的是让越来越多的人更好地了解中国女性。本研究发现,中国女性在美国的媒体中的观点是截然相反。在他们的观点中,中国女性仍处于很低的社会地位中。妇女们仍需要在家里照顾她们的孩子。所以她们没有机会去拥有自己的事业。

关键词:中国妇女  框架理论  报纸  《中国日报》  《纽约时报》 

 

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