基于建构主义理论的高中英语阅读教学_英语教学论文
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Abstract

Constructivism theory holds that learning is a process in which the learners construct meaning actively. Constructivism emphasizes the cognitive subject role of the learners as well as the guidance role of the teachers. This paper expounds the four basic factors of constructivism theory, including context, cooperation, conversation and meaning construction. This paper considers that in the English reading teaching process which is guided by constructivism theory, the teachers need to put emphasis on the subject status of the students, in addition, the teachers should stick to some teaching principles, such as cooperation-orientedness principle, learner-centredness principle, content-orientedness principle and so on. In the process of English reading teaching, the teachers have to set explicit learning objectives for the students and make good use of teaching materials and multi-media. Besides that, the teachers ought to establish language learning situations for the students and encourage them to carry out cooperative learning. Moreover, the teachers need to evaluate and reflect the learning process, so that the language competence and the autonomous learning ability of the students can be improved greatly.

Key words: English reading teaching; constructivism; teaching strategy

摘要

建构主义学习理论认为,学习是学习者进行意义建构的过程,强调学习者的认知主体作用和教师的指导作用。本文阐述了建构主义理论的四要素,即情境、协作、会话和意义建构。本文认为在建构以建构主义理论为指导的英语阅读教学模式过程中,要强调学生的主体地位,我们应坚持合作取向、学习者为中心和内容取向等原则。在英语阅读教学过程中,我们要确定明确的学习目标,善于利用学习材料和多媒体,创建语言学习情景,开展合作学习,对学习过程进行评价和反思,以便提高学生语言能力和自主学习能力。

关键词:英语阅读教学;建构主义;教学策略
 

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